Fruit, Jug, and a Glass is a lesser known artwork from around 1726-1728, just as the artist was starting to build himself a respected reputation in the genre of still life art. We find peaches and plums within this painting, plus a large ceramic jug. To the left is a simple glass, perhaps containing water, and this is overall a fairly subdued, simple artwork in terms of the composition. Other examples from Chardin's career would make use of a larger number of objects or would be set within a more complex environment. He was in a particularly experimental period in his career at this point, and so there would be more variation from one artwork to the next than later in his career.
This composition is slightly unusual for Chardin in several ways. Firstly, there is no overhang across the table, which he normally had in all of his other still life scenes. Secondly, the area below the table is completely cropped out of the painting, meaning the viewer will feel as if their own head is directly in line with the table top. This means several elements of perspective are lost completely, and perhaps this shows how he was developing as an artist and learning as he went. Other elements are consistent, though, such as how the light comes in from the left. The arrangement is also similar in how the peaches are solidly stacked with plums looking more loosely displayed. The table and background are both dark and without much detail, which is again entirely consistent within his own career.
This painting can be found in the collection of the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC. They own 56 artworks at the time of writing, though some of these have been attributed to followers of the artist. There remains a certain lack of clarity over many paintings and drawings from the 18th century, because of the sheer amount of time that has passed since then. Chardin's own career was also forgotten for some years after his passing and this meant that for a long period he was not documented or researched, leaving a number of paintings and drawings to be linked to his own hand but without sufficient documentation to be confident that they were his. All that aside, this venue in Washington, DC is an exceptional place to learn more about art from all manner of different periods and styles.