This painting is dated at around 1768 and this fits with the direction that he was going in at that time. During the 1760s Chardin was starting to use fewer objects within his still life paintings and was confident that more would clutter each composition. The artist had already proven himself to be a master with fruit and kitchenware, and so felt he had nothing to prove within that genre. Sadly, though, his health had started to deteriorate by this stage in his life and he would soon be unable to even work with oils. He therefore took on pastel work from the early 1770s, normally working in portraiture.
If we dissect this particular painting, we find two pears placed above a long knife. An apple rest besides them and a walnut, or collection of walnuts, are sat in front. The glass of wine is placed on the left hand side and is most likely a red, perhaps from a region local to the artist. French life has long been connected to its wealth of fine wine and this appears in several of the artist's work. Typically, French people will enjoy a single glass of wine with their meal, be it lunch or dinner though this may have to change as the world starts to move to much more quickly in the present day.
The records that we found regarding this painting appear to suggest that it remains in the collection of the Louvre in Paris. We have not been able to confirm this, but it would be the most likely host, when we consider that this institution owns so many of his original artworks within their huge collection of art and antiquities from the modern and medieval eras. They have a particular section dedicated to this artist's work, where only items from Chardin's hand can be displayed, but it is nowhere near big enough to display all of his work that they own at the same time, making it necessary to rotate these items from time to time.